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There’s a popular trend going on these days of introducing a very old and popular herb to your pets that has many medical properties. Can you make a guess of it? Yes, you are right! It’s known as cannabis. Pet owners are using it to treat their pets from a wide range of ailments that includes anxiety, arthritis, and cancer.

In the early days, the use of cannabis was treated as harmful and was lawfully restricted from using it. Well, we should thank the government and the medical establishments of removing the misconceptions revolving around the society about the perceived dangers of the consumption of cannabis. During the past few years, medical and public opinion and mostly legislation have taken the other way of making the use of cannabis legal.

People often confuse the use of cannabis with marijuana. Cannabis is a broad term that includes both hemp and marijuana. People are using hemp instead of marijuana for their pets. Both have totally different properties and are also used for different purposes.

Marijuana vs Hemp

Marijuana and hemp are both extracted from the same plant known as Cannabis Sativa. Marijuana can also be collected from another member of the cannabis family which is known as Cannabis Indica. The cannabis plant contains more than 60 chemicals which are called cannabinoids. The major two types of cannabinoids are known as Cannabidiol(CBD) and Tetrahydrocannabinol(THC). CBDs contains therapeutic properties while THCs are mostly used for recreational purposes.

Both the product of Cannabis have a different percentage of these two major cannabinoids namely THC and CBD. Marijuana contains more 10 – 15 percent of THC while hemp contains less than 0.4 percent of it. At this point, hemp has no intoxicating effect on pets or humans.

So, why is that hemp has medicinal properties and marijuana doesn’t. This is due to the difference in the content of CBD, which is responsible for the therapeutic properties. Hemp contains a lot more percent of CBDs than marijuana.

How do CBD works?

Now, that you know why cannabis can be introduced to your pets in the form of cannabis oil vape in UK or dry hemp powder, you should know how CBD functions inside the body system. The cannabis plant has a lot of chemicals other than CBD known by phytocannabinoids, terpenoids, and flavonoids. Humans and other mammals have specific parts inside the body that are known as cannabinoid receptor sites. These sites are present in the brain and central nervous system and in peripheral organs. Several studies have shown that many cannabinoids have anti-inflammatory properties that can help with pain, tumors, seizures, muscle spasms, appetite simulation, skin conditions, etc. It can also help to fight depression, anxiety, and several other neurological disorders.

How it can help your pets?

Suppose you are using cannabis oil vape or skunk flavored e-liquid which is also a hemp oil, you should know its benefits. Let’s start with the chronic conditions that most of the pets suffer from which includes arthritis, compromised immune systems, stress responses, and digestive issues. Use of hemp oil in the form of cannabis oil vape can prove beneficial to help your pets fight these type of chronic disorders.

Apart from chronic disorders, CBD hemp in the form of skunk flavored e-liquid in UK can also be useful in treating acute diseases in pets such as sprains, strains, torn ligaments, bone cracks, and fractures. Beside these, it is sometimes also used as a relaxant during post-operative care to reduce swelling, pain, and stiffness.

Last but not least, the use of CBD hemp can reduce the use of conventional drugs to treat some of the above-mentioned ailments and diseases. Conventional drugs often carry some sort of side effects which is totally eliminated in CBD hemp products. This is one of the major benefits of using cannabis instead of conventional drugs in pets.

When it comes to teaching your pets, especially your dogs, you may find the process a little easier said than done. Training your pet dog is never easy, especially if they happen to be a little grown up. The optimal age for training a dog would be when they happen to be a pup. This is primarily because the young pup can understand the rules better, and can grasp what to do and what not to do much more effectively.
Check out the various tips posted below on how to train your dog humanely.

Clicker: The “Clicker” is one of the most effective dogs training tools; most dog owners use the same in conjunction along with treats, and validation to get the message across. And while the myth goes that such form of clickers works only on young pups, in reality, they work on dogs of most ages and breeds. All you need to do is to issue the command, press the clicker so that your pup understands the command and follows through.

Validation: Have you heard other pet owners crooning to their pets about how good they are? Well, they are using positive validation to reaffirm their training. That’s a very useful trick, and in this manner, you can train your dog to behave in a specific manner and reaffirm the training with positive reaffirmation and validations. Of course, it would make sense to cap the training with a treat so that your pet knows that it had behaved appropriately.

Schedule your training time: You need to set yourself some time to train your pet. Whether you are teaching your dog to quit tearing the cushions or getting it to stop doing its business on the carpet, you need to set aside some time aside. Do remember that training does not happen overnight and it takes a while. But it is essential that you stay committed to training your dog, and continue the process uninterrupted.

Communication is the key: To get your dog trained well, it is vital that you can communicate well with your dog. Your dog essentially needs to understand what do to and what not to do, and if it senses your bad mood, it may not be in the right frame of mind to get ‘trained.’ So make sure that you continue to remain patient with your pet all the time – if it helps, imagine your pet is akin to a toddler, learning to walk for the first time. And as long as you are patient with your pet, you should be able to convey all the information and get your dog well-trained, in the process.

Immediate rewards: Dogs do not understand the concept of ‘delayed gratification,’ they need their rewards immediately. And that is why it makes sense to opt for a quick reward method since you can be sure that your pet would be able to pick up on the new trick immediately To train and reward your pet better, choose only authentic pet food and supplies.

Consistency: The one way to ensure that your pet gets trained faster, is to remain consistent as far as his training goes. It is essential that you stay consistent in your approach so that your pet can understand what you want and how you would want it.

These are some of the tips by which you can humanely train your dog. Just remember, that your pet needs love and care. Granted that there are various training organizations, which claim that they can teach your dog in a matter of days. But some of their training methods are less desirable, to say the least, and involves everything from dog collars to electric shocks. This is why you may want to review the tips posted above and get your dog trained humanely, with love and affection.

The characteristics of Golden Retrievers are many and varied.

Aren’t they “just dogs”? Technically, yes.
But that’s like saying the Mona Lisa is “just a painting.”
I don’t want this to be a “my dog is better than your dog” argument.
I’d just like to point out a few character traits that have helped make Golden Retrievers one of the most popular breeds in America today.
If you already own one, you know what I’m talking about.
If you’re trying to decide if this is the right breed for you, maybe I can help you with your decision.

Breed Standard

Every breed of dog recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC) and the United Kennel Club (UKC) has a breed standard.
The Golden Retriever breed standard sets forth the unique Golden Retriever traits that make this breed different from all others.
Considerations include type of coat, color, conformation, size, temperament and several other attributes.
We’ll look at each of these, and give you a chance to see how your own Golden compares with the standard.
We’ll examine the Golden’s built-in instincts, such as hunting prey and retrieving. After all, it’s hard to imagine a Retriever who doesn’t like to retrieve!

People-Friendly

Goldens are incredibly people-friendly, which tends to make them very family-friendly, as well.
They get along well with babies, children, adults and seniors.
Most Golden Retrievers have never known a stranger. They think everybody’s their friend!
The characteristics of Golden Retrievers vary a bit with each developmental stage.
We’ll look at each stage, from puppyhood through adolescence and adulthood, to the senior years.
Goldens are just kids at heart and may take a little longer than some other dogs to settle into adult behavior. Don’t worry. Most of them grow up–eventually!

Intelligence and Energy

How smart is your Golden?
Although intelligence is closely linked to (and confused with) trainability, we’ll take a look at both of these important characteristics of Golden Retrievers.
Does your Golden Retriever communicate with you? Absolutely!
We’ll explore all the ways your furry friend tries to talk to you, and help you decipher his lingo.
What about a Golden’s energy level?
Again, there’s a great deal of variance here.
We’ll look at a few determining factors and help you decide how much Golden exuberance your family can handle.

Individuality

While we can rely on many Golden Retriever characteristics to be true of every Golden, we also have to consider each dog’s individual personality and temperament.
Just like people, each Golden has his own quirks and idiosyncrasies.
That’s what makes him so special!
What can we expect in the way of the Golden Retriever life expectancy?
There are several factors that determine how long you’ll be blessed with your canine companion’s presence.

Senses and Sociability

The Golden Retriever possesses amazing senses that allow him to react to and interact with his environment. Besides their extraordinary senses of smell and hearing, we’ll also look at their senses of sight, direction, taste and touch.
One of the best-known characteristics of Golden Retrievers is their sociability.
This includes not only the family that dotes on them, but everybody they come in contact with, as well.
They also interact beautifully with other animals, if properly socialized and introduced.

Popularity.

The Golden Retriever has been one of the most popular breeds in America for several years.
According to statistics, almost 65,000 Goldens are registered in the U.S. every year, and about 8,500 in Canada. Many more are born that are not registered.
It’s no accident that this lovely breed is so popular!
The unique and special characteristics of Golden Retrievers have brought the breed its well-deserved recognition.
It’s safe to say that once a person has owned a Golden, life without one is never the same.

Would you like your furry friend to look and feel his very best? Here are some care tips for Golden Retrievers that will help you do just that.

As beautiful as that Golden coat may be, your canine companion needs your help to maintain that healthy glow.
Proper grooming involves bathing, brushing, and keeping an eye out for skin problems.
From brushing your dog’s teeth (I’m not joking!) to keeping his toenails trimmed, the time you spend on your Golden’s care will make him feel great and look like a champ.The advice “You are what you eat” applies to pets, too.

Let’s explore ways to fulfill your dog’s nutritional requirements by following some excellent dog feeding guidelines, along with some special information on feeding a puppy.
And let’s see if we can unravel the mystery about which type of dog food might be best for your Golden Retriever.
Every stage of your dog’s development presents a unique set of circumstances.
We’ll take a look at the best ways to meet the special needs of puppies, adults, and Golden oldies with care tips for Golden Retrievers of all ages.

Living Arrangements

Most Golden Retrievers are beloved indoor pets, so we’ll examine the situation from both sides–keeping your dog safe from household hazards such as poisonous plants, and keeping your house safe from an enthusiastic, lively Golden by puppy-proofing your home.

Here’s another great idea: a sturdy dog crate, used appropriately, can be both a safe haven for your furry friend and a protector of your house and sanity.
Where will your Golden companion sleep? If this is your first dog, you’ll want to consider the options before you bring him home.

If circumstances prevent you from keeping a dog in the house, there are still ways to make him as comfortable as possible outside.
We’ll look at some ideas for kennels and other outdoor care tips for Golden Retrievers in order to make the best of this less-than-ideal situation.

Health Care and Your Veterinarian

When it comes to your dog, an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure.
Here are some health care tips for Golden Retrievers that you can do at home to help keep your Golden in tip-top shape:
• Excellent nutrition
• Special diets when necessary
• Administering prescribed medication

You’ve done your part well, but you still need a professional’s help.
Let’s talk about your veterinarian. She’s an important part of responsible Golden Retriever care.
How do you choose one?
How can you experience relatively stress-free visits to the vet?
You might even get a break on the cost of dog health care if you choose to invest in pet health insurance.

Physical and Mental Fitness

Every dog is different in his level of athletic ability, but there are some basic guidelines on Golden Retriever care when it comes to exercise.
We’ll look at a Golden’s wide range of energy levels and give you some ideas to help your Golden companion stay fit and happy.
Staying fit means more than just physical activity. It’s important to provide mental stimulation for your pooch, too.
He’ll be much happier that way, with less chance of becoming bored.
Boredom can lead to a host of behavior problems, so let’s derail that train before it even heads down the track.

Daily Care–For a Lifetime

From puppyhood to the senior years, your canine friend relies on you for his food, shelter and companionship.
It’s not difficult to take care of a Golden, but it requires a commitment on your part.
His options are limited. He needs you!
Feel free to browse through these care tips for Golden Retrievers and see what you can add to your collection.
I hope you’ll find a useful suggestion you haven’t thought of before, that will make your canine buddy even happier.

In many parts of the United States, canine Lyme disease is becoming an increasing problem for both dogs and their owners. So let’s talk about what it is, and what you can do about it.

A Little Bit of Lyme Disease History

Lyme disease was named for the town of Lyme, Connecticut, where the first human cases were diagnosed in 1977. The first case of canine Lyme disease was reported in 1984.
This disease is found today in every area of the United States, and is endemic (always present) on the east coast, west coast and upper Midwest. It can also be found in several areas of Europe and Asia.

Causes of Lyme Disease

The deer tick is the culprit most commonly responsible for spreading canine Lyme disease.
To be more precise, ticks don’t actually cause the disease–they’re just the carriers. The bacterium that causes Lyme disease is a spiral shaped organism called Borrelia burgdorferi.
The ticks feed on smaller critters (often the white-footed mouse) that are infected, then move on to bigger prey. That’s usually deer, but they’re not fussy–dogs or people will do just fine.
After the tick’s been drinking its victim’s blood for 24 to 48 hours, it injects a substance into the blood to keep it from getting too thick. That’s when the disease-causing organisms get injected into the victim, too.
So you have a small window of opportunity (24 to 48 hours) to get ticks off your dog (or yourself) before the disease is transmitted. Unfortunately, these ticks are smaller than the head of a pin, so they’re easy to miss.
Not every deer tick harbors canine Lyme disease–only about 10 to 50 percent of them do, depending on the part of the country they live in. Those still aren’t very good odds for your dogs and you.

Signs and Symptoms of Lyme Disease

Symptoms may not show up immediately after an infected tick steals a meal from your pooch. In fact, dogs can harbor the organisms for several months before the first symptoms of Lyme disease appear.
The telltale Lyme disease bullseye rash that shows up on people is quite rare on dogs. But here are the most common canine Lyme disease symptoms to watch for:
• Swollen, painful joints
• Lameness
• Fever
• Loss of appetite
• Lethargy
• Swollen lymph nodes

How is Lyme Disease Diagnosed?

It’s difficult to diagnose Lyme disease because the symptoms mimic many other problems. Your veterinarian will try to reach a diagnosis by:
• Asking you if your dog’s been in an endemic area, where he could have been exposed to a deer tick
• Performing a physical exam to look for typical clinical signs
• Drawing blood in order to perform a special test
Until recently, vets found it nearly impossible to determine if the presence of antibodies to Borrelia burgdorferi were caused by an earlier vaccination or by the actual infection.
A new Lyme disease test–called a C6 ELISA–is now available which provides information about three diseases–heartworm (carried by mosquitoes), canine Ehrlichiosis and canine Lyme disease (both of which are carried by ticks).
This new test is unique in that it can determine whether the antibody was produced in response to active infection or by vaccination, making it much easier to make an accurate diagnosis.

How Is Lyme Disease Treated?

The best treatment for Lyme disease (for both dogs and people, actually) is a round of antibiotics. The antibiotic doxycycline is relatively inexpensive and has limited side effects for dogs.
Most vets prefer doxycycline because it also successfully treats several other tick-borne diseases that may be causing these symptoms. Amoxicillin and tetracycline are other frequently used antibiotics for Lyme disease.
Fortunately, over ninety percent of dogs treated within the first week of obvious symptoms will respond rapidly to antibiotic treatment, often within 2 to 5 days.

Lyme Disease Prognosis

Prognosis for dogs with canine Lyme disease is very good. But it’s really important to finish out the full term of the prescribed antibiotic therapy. Don’t stop early, just because your dog seems to be well.
According to Lyme disease statistics, about five percent of dogs will have some type of relapse–with later symptoms of Lyme disease in the form of heart or nerve damage–even after treatment.
Some of these dogs will experience chronic Lyme disease symptoms of lifelong joint pain from the damage caused by the bacteria. That’s why the sooner treatment is started, the better the dog’s chances of a complete recovery.

How to Prevent Lyme Disease

Prevention is the key to keeping your dog healthy and free from this disease. Here are some ways to reduce the chance of ticks feasting on your dog:
• Use insecticides on the yard around your house
• Check your dog for ticks every time he comes back into the house
• Remove ticks carefully with tweezers, and apply an antiseptic to the spot where the tick was dining
• Discuss tick preventives and repellents with your veterinarian
• A monthly medication (applied between the shoulders) combined with a prescription-strength tick collar have
been shown to be quite successful when used together
• If you use a topical once-a-month tick product, always consult your veterinarian before applying any
additional repellent product
• Insect repellents designed to be applied to clothing should not be used on dogs
• If you own a kennel, check with your veterinarian about tick control measures specially designed for
kennels
Use of the current canine Lyme disease vaccine is still being debated. It’s not 100 percent effective, and it only prevents infection in dogs vaccinated before any exposure to Lyme organisms. That means it only helps puppies and dogs from non-Lyme areas traveling to Lyme areas. Annual boosters are needed to continue the vaccine-based immunity.
Opponents of the vaccine argue that Lyme disease is an infection for which over 90 percent of infected dogs will never even get sick anyway. And the 5 to 10 percent that do get sick can be easily treated with a safe, inexpensive course of antibiotics. This is an issue you may want to discuss with your vet.

Is Lyme Disease Contagious?

You can’t catch canine Lyme disease from your dog, but you could get the disease if your dog is harboring an infected tick and that tick bites you, too.
That’s why it’s really important to try to keep ticks off your dog and to check yourself for ticks frequently.

Your dog can show signs of canine hypothermia with just exposure to cold water and some wind. It can be deadly, so know the symptoms and be prepared to administer treatment.
What is hypothermia? It’s when a dog’s core body temperature drops due to exposure to cold. A dog’s normal body temperature is 101-102 degrees Fahrenheit (38.3 to 38.8 degrees Celsius). Hypothermia occurs when his temperature drops below 97 degrees F (36 degrees C).

Common Causes of Hypothermia

The main cause of canine hypothermia is prolonged exposure to cold temperatures.
But the temperature outside doesn’t even have to be below freezing.
In fact, studies have shown that 55-degree water, with 40-degree air temperature and 10 mph winds are prime conditions for hypothermia in dogs.
An accidental fall into cold water is also likely to lead to hypothermia.
But the water doesn’t even have to be icy cold, because the body loses heat more quickly in water than in air.

Hypothermia Symptoms

You usually have no problem recognizing when you’re too cold, but hypothermia symptoms are subtler, and unvoiced, in dogs. Canine hypothermia can be divided into three categories or stages:

1. Mild: Your dog begins to shiver uncontrollably. He’ll begin to act lethargic or tired. Typically at this stage his temperature is between 96 and 99 degrees F (35.5 to 37.2 C).
2. Moderate: Once your dog’s temperature falls into the 90-95 degree F range (32.2 to 35 C), he loses his ability to shiver. He’ll lose coordination and appear clumsy. His pulse and breathing rates slow, and he may lose consciousness. Your dog’s life is in serious danger.
3. Severe: At this point your dog has collapsed, he’s having trouble breathing, his pupils are dilated, and he’s probably unresponsive. His temperature is 82-90 degrees F (27.8 to 32.2 C). It’s critical that you warm your dog quickly and get him to an emergency vet center immediately.

How to Treat Hypothermia

If you’re home when your dog begins showing signs of hypothermia, rub him vigorously with towels to dry his fur. (You can give him a warm bath first, if you have time.)
Slowly warm him using a hair dryer on the lowest setting. Offer him a warm drink and warm him gradually by wrapping him in a blanket that’s been warmed in the dryer.
Place plastic milk or soda bottles filled with hot water outside the blankets, not touching the dog.
You can also place a plastic tarp over the blanket to help keep the heat in, making sure your dog’s head isn’t covered.
Monitor his temperature, and stop warming him when his temperature reaches 101 F (38.3 C).
Monitor for shock even after his temperature has returned to normal, and take him to the veterinarian as soon as possible.

Canine Hypothermia on a Hunting Trip

Knowing how to treat canine hypothermia when you’re out hunting with your Golden Retriever is even more crucial, as you probably won’t be close to a vet or the conveniences of home.
Your main concern is to remove your dog from further exposure to cold, and prevent any more heat loss.
First, dry him with towels, your coat, or anything that will absorb the water.
The next step is getting your dog out of the wind.
If you’re in a duck blind, that won’t be too difficult, but if you’re hunting from a boat or in flooded timber you can use your coat to make a wind block.
Get cozy–open your coat and huddle with your dog to help him warm up.
If you can get your dog to your truck, put him on the floorboard, crank up the truck and use the heater. In lieu of a warm truck, build a fire to produce some heat.
Vigorously rub your dog, preferably with a dry towel. Besides drying him off, the rubbing creates friction that produces heat.
If you have a mylar emergency blanket with your hunting stuff, you can use it either as a thermal shield to reflect the heat of a fire or to create a small warming chamber in the truck.
Of course, if no heat source is available or you need to carry your dog a long distance to a vehicle, wrapping him in anything will help trap body heat.
You’ll know you’re making progress by watching symptoms reverse themselves until eventually your dog begins to shiver.
This means his temperature has risen to the point that his brain once again recognizes that he’s cold and needs to warm up. But it’s still crucial that you get him to a vet as soon as possible.

How to Prevent Hypothermia

Perhaps the easiest way to deal with canine hypothermia is to simply avoid it. That doesn’t mean you have to cancel those cold weather duck hunts, but you need to take a few extra precautions when the mercury drops.

• When transporting your dog to the field, put cedar shavings in the dog box to help insulate it.
• If you use a plastic or wire crate, use an insulated kennel cover to provide shelter from the cold wind as you drive to your hunting location.
• Once you arrive, put a neoprene vest on your dog to help him retain body heat. There are several manufacturers and models to choose from.
• Sitting in the cold water will zap the warmth right out of a dog. So use a dog stand or find a dry spot in the boat or blind for your dog to sit.
• Keep your wet dog out of the wind. Hang a piece of burlap or put him behind a brush pile–anything that will help keep some of the cold wind off.
• Dry your dog often, using towels or a chamois cloth.
• If it’s bitter cold and the shooting is slow, throw a stick (on land) a few times to get your dog moving, keep his blood pumping, and help him stay warm.

Damage and Recovery

Dogs who experience mild or moderate hypothermia usually enjoy a complete recovery.
Most long-term hypothermic damage occurs to organs (such as the brain) that have not received adequate blood flow during severe hypothermia. In that case, it may be several days or weeks before you or your veterinarian know the entire extent of the damage.
Canine hypothermia kills dogs every year. Knowing basic hypothermia information and treatment procedures may one day help you save your dog’s life.

Canine cataracts are a common problem for dogs. Unfortunately, they’re even a common Golden Retriever eye problem.
There are several types and causes of cataracts. Let’s talk about what they are and what you can do about them.

What Are Cataracts?

The lens in the eye focuses light onto the retina at the back of the eye so your dog can see clearly. Cataracts occur when the normally transparent lens becomes cloudy.
Any spot on the lens that’s opaque (you can’t see through it), regardless of size, is a cataract.
They can affect one or both eyes
Vision loss can be partial or complete.
Some canine cataracts will develop rapidly, even in a matter of days.
Other cataracts can take months or years to develop.
The most noticeable cataract symptom is a white or cloudy look to a dog’s eye.
It’s sometimes described as a “crushed ice” appearance.
Some dog cataracts are clearly visible to the naked eye, while others can only be seen with an ophthalmoscope.

Canine Cataract Types and Their Causes

Congenital cataracts (present at birth) make up the majority of cases. They’re also known as congenital juvenile cataracts in dogs.
The most susceptible breeds are Schnauzers (especially Miniatures), Spaniels, Poodles, Golden Retrievers, Labrador Retrievers, German Shepherds, Huskies, and several types of Terriers.
Despite the fact that a dog is born with them, they’re not necessarily inherited. Infections or toxins can also cause these cataracts in unborn puppies.
With hereditary or congenital canine cataracts, symptoms can appear in puppies as young as 5 weeks old. The cataracts may develop rapidly over weeks, or slowly over years, in one or both eyes.
Developmental cataracts are those that develop early in life. As with congenital cataracts, they may be inherited or caused by problems such as diabetes, nutritional deficiencies (possibly from milk replacement formulas), toxins, infection, or trauma.
The canine cataracts that occur in dogs over six years of age are called senile cataracts. They actually occur much less frequently in dogs than in humans.
Just so you know, it’s actually not unusual for older dogs’ eyes to become slightly blue-gray. This usually occurs in dogs over 6 years old, and is called nuclear sclerosis.
Since it rarely affects their vision, it seldom requires treatment.
Trauma from an automobile accident, or penetration of a thorn, shotgun pellet, or other object may damage the lens and a cataract may develop.
Traumatic cataracts usually only occur in one eye and can be treated successfully with surgical removal.

Treating Canine Cataracts

Different types of cataracts require different types of treatment. A small cataract that doesn’t restrict vision is probably not significant, while a more mature cataract may warrant aggressive treatment.
On the other hand, if a cataract is of a type that can be expected to progress rapidly (such as the hereditary cataracts of young Miniature Schnauzers), it may be best to surgically remove the cataract when it’s smaller and softer, as surgery is easier then.
Something else to keep in mind is that a cataract can slip from the tissue strands that hold it in place, allowing it to float around in the eye where it can cause trouble.
If it settles in a place that blocks the natural fluid drainage of the eye, glaucoma can result, leading to pain and permanent blindness.
A cataract can also cause glaucoma when it absorbs fluid and swells so as to partially obstruct fluid drainage from the eye.
The only treatment for canine cataracts is surgery (unless the cataracts are caused by another condition like canine diabetes–in which case cataract eye drops may work).
The good news is that surgery is almost always (90 to 95 percent) successful. The dog has to have a general anesthesia but is usually able to go home the same day. Even better news is that once the cataract is removed, it doesn’t come back.

The procedure and equipment used for cataract surgery for dogs are very similar to those used for cataract surgery in people.
A veterinary ophthalmologist will surgically remove the defective lens, replacing it with an intraocular lens or IOL.
This plastic or acrylic prosthetic lens allows for more focused vision.
After successful cataract surgery, your dog will see close to normal, but his vision won’t be perfect.
That’s because only a handful of different IOLs are available for dogs, and an exact replacement of the original lens isn’t possible.
In some cases, it’s not possible to safely place the replacement lens into the eye.
Since the cornea actually does two thirds of the focusing of the eye, he’ll still be able to see, but not perfectly.
His close-up vision (1 to 15 feet) will be blurry. But most dogs adjust quite well to this disability after a short time.
You should know that canine cataracts can cause a serious reactive inflammation inside the eye (Lens Induced Uveitis, or LIU) that will need to be treated, whether or not you opt for surgery. If you skip surgery, you’ll need to apply anti-inflammatory eye drops for the rest of your dog’s life, as well as take him in for periodic eye re-examinations.
LIU can lead to complications such as glaucoma or a detached retina, and LIU also decreases the success rate of cataract surgery (in case you later decide to go through with it).
In other words, there’s an ideal window of time in which to perform surgery. In general, the earlier a cataract can be removed, the better.
By the way, the average cost for cataract surgery for dogs is usually about $1000 to $1500 (U.S.) per eye. Why does it cost so much? Because it requires specialized equipment, just like for people. You’re also paying for the advanced training of a board-certified veterinary ophthalmologist.

Canine Cataract Surgery Recovery

Surgery aftercare requires a significant time commitment. Your job as the caregiver is vital to the success of the procedure. Your duties may include the following:
• Administer eye drops several times a day for about 3 to 6 months
• Keep your dog calm and quiet
• Keep the Elizabethan collar on at all times for 1 to 3 weeks after surgery, to keep him from hurting
himself
• Use a harness instead of a collar when on walks to reduce pressure on his head (and eye) from pulling
• Cancel all grooming and vaccination appointments for about 6 weeks
• Schedule and keep all follow-up appointments
• Report any changes you may notice to your doctor
Vision usually improves during the first week, but the return of vision sometimes takes up to 2-3 weeks. Most dogs experience little or no pain after surgery.
Complications After Cataract Surgery For Dogs
Although this is a highly successful procedure, there are some possible problems after cataract surgery:
• Some degree of uveitis (inflammation) is unavoidable. This can cause a pupil constriction reaction which can increase the risk of scarring within the eye. Eye drops to keep the pupil dilated are usually effective in preventing this, but not always. Inflammation in the eye will resolve over weeks to months after surgery.
• All dogs develop some scar tissue inside the eye. Excessive scar tissue can limit vision later on.
• Glaucoma (increase in eye pressure) occurs in 30% of all dogs who have cataract surgery, usually within the first 24 hours after surgery. This is usually temporary, and is successfully treated with eye drops.
• Retinal detachment can occur. While re-attachment is sometimes possible, the success rate is low and this complication usually results in complete vision loss.
• Bleeding after surgery can be a serious complication and can easily be caused by excess barking or activity after surgery. Small bleeds are of little consequence but a large bleed could ruin vision.

It’s Your Decision

Your veterinarian can help you decide if cataracts are affecting your dog’s vision enough to warrant surgery. A cataract by itself doesn’t necessarily require treatment. Dogs with one normal eye and a cataract in the other can still see well enough to skip surgery.
Even if canine cataracts rob your dog of his vision entirely, it’s important to remember that blind animals still have a good quality of life.
They do quite well as long as you don’t move the furniture around too much, and you keep everybody’s clutter picked up off the floor–which may not be such a bad idea anyway!

Pet’s are part of the family too. These days that is more true than it ever has been, anything you can get for yourself you can be sure you can get for your pet too. From plush hotel accommodation to the latest pet fashions.

In the world of photography there is now a greater number of studios offering pet photography outright or as part of a family shoot with humans. This is a great thing, because it means there is more choice and you can find the type of photographer to suit your style and taste.

In Melbourne there are plenty of great pet photographers to choose from. Most offer location photography and some offer studio as well, it all comes down to what you like and what will suit your home or office.

Whenever looking for a good pet photographer there are a couple of things to keep in mind:

  • Is this their passion, do they do it full time or most of the time.
  • Are they qualified photographers and/or members of a photographic association.
  • Do they have plenty of images to show of different animals (so not the same dog in every image).
  • What do others say about them, do they seem to have a good reputation. Have a look at their Facebook page to see what people have said or check for testimonials.
  • What are they charging. In this respect I don’t mean overcharging, I mean undercharging which is a common problem in photography – like all things you get what you paid for and when you go for the lowest you are likely to find that they are images your cousin Bob could have taken with his camera.
  • Will the session be fun for you and your pet.

Think about why you want to have your pet professionally photographed, is it to have stunning images adorning your walls or is it to have a CD of images you put on your desk and forget about. For me photography has always been about the beautiful print that you can look at every day.

 

Pet gates are used to confine our pet to certain areas of the home, or to keep them from restricted areas where they might be in danger or where mommy just doesn’t want them to go, such as bathrooms and the kitchen. Pet gates can be a better alternative to simply closing a door to restrict or confine your Pet.

Pet gates that open are an ideal way to keep your pet out of restricted areas, while still making it easy for you to go from room to room. Many pet gates are also portable, allowing you to easily move the gate to fit your needs, such as gating the dog in a room with you while you watch a movie.

Select a gate, keep in mind your specific needs as well as the size of your dog. The width of the gates are adjustable while the height is usually not. Select a gate tall enough that your dog cannot bunny hop over it. Pet gates are designed especially for wide doorways or hallways, they feature side extensions that you can adjust to fit your needs. The latched door lets you go in or out easily…so you don’t have to take the extended pet gate down or perform acrobatics to get over it!
Most pet gates are extremely easy to install. Some gates feature pressure mounts, which require you only to fit the gate tightly inside a doorframe or room entrance. Some feature wall mounts, which require you to screw hardware to a wall or doorframe.

And finally, when choosing a gate, be sure to select one that withstands your dog’s size and behavior. Make sure that the gate cannot be tipped over/opened when your dog leans on and does not have widely spaced slats in which your dog could get his head stuck.

 

Any individual that lives with a dog will have experienced his great capability to pre-empt what is coming by the tiniest clue.

From the instant I am getting up in the morning our dogs expect their morning walk. They do not however start to ask to go out before my own morning routine is complete. The dogs after toileting in the garden return to the house and return to sleep. Breakfast is eaten, the table cleared then they start to show interest. Ears prick up only as the door opens into the porch where walking shoes are kept. Coats are put on and the dogs know that it is time for their walk. On a weekend the dogs know that the day does not begin so quickly. Often none dog walking shoes are worn. No excitement is shown. They know the shoes.

As a dog owner you will definitely have experienced similar behaviour from your canine mate. It could be that they lead directly to their bowl at meal times or when you mention the word dinner. The routine of retiring to bed is had a meeting with madness because they are expecting their biscuit. The word right or the closing of a laptop PC may be a preface to their walk. Just as positive dog training relies on reward and reinforcement so is your dog’s everyday learning.

The linking of human behaviours is a skill that most dogs do easily. You pick up a bowl and they know they will be fed. You put on a specific coat and they know its walk time. You pack a bag they know you are leaving for some time. Office attire provoke no excitement because your dog knows you aren’t taking him.

As a dog owner it is entertaining to watch how far back your dog’s chain of recognition goes. Witnessing the interest they show in anything you do will probably surprise you. A dog in the home potentially knows your habits far better than you can imagine. He’s going to show increased interest when he believes that a behaviour you are carrying out could benefit him in some way.

 

We cherish our pets. In return they accept and love us for who we are, even if we have had a very bad day at the office, not put on the right makeup, are frequently late to feed them or are distracted with other thoughts when they want a little of our time in return.

People are exceptionally good at taking care of their pets when there’s a problem with them. Or at a minimum we believe we are. The difficulty is that, even with the animals best interests at heart, owners of pets too often rush to the vet for minor illnesses and the ensuing treatment might turn out to be be the proverbial sledgehammer cracking a nut. In most cases a preventative treatment would cut down on a number of pointless health worries every year.

The very first thing you need to do is take a good look the food you are giving your pet, because many pet foods producers use inedible ingredients as filler. Most household cats and dogs are fed on only dried pellets but when did you last see cats or dogs in their natural habitats scavenging for dried biscuits?

Worms in animals

All animals have internal and external parasites. Internal parasites live in the gut, blood, joints, muscle tissue and the brain. External parasites like fleas, ticks, mites and lice live on or merely beneath the skin. Internal parasites include intestinal worms as well as protozoa such as giardia, frequently ingested from contaminated water sources. All parasites can bring about great discomfort, sickness and even death.

The occurrence of parasites in animals is high although this depends on the animal itself. Domestic pets that search for mice, birds and other such wildlife will eat worms that infested their prey. The danger is that these parasites can be passed on to their owners in a great variety of ways. How many kids play in sandpits where dogs or cats have left their calling card? Or how many people are regularly licked on the face by a friendly pet? How many people don’t clean under their fingernails before meals?

How can a parasite possibly live inside your body? The answer is simple. The aim of a parasite is to keep itself hidden from detection. Parasites are good at evading a response from the immune system. They live without detection because once they are exposed, something will be done to get rid of them. Parasites have a built in capacity to survive and reproduce. This is the intention of any organism on this planet. Though this may sound simplistic it can make life for human beings extremely complicated.

If you understand how to recognise and interpret the symptoms, the presence of a worm or worms can be determined easily. In humans this can manifest as low energy levels, medical problems, skin rashes, pains, frequent colds, influenza and loose or blocked bowel conditions. The list goes on and on. The key is to question these symptoms rather than accept that such conditions are standard.

In his book, “Animals Parasitic in Man.” author Geoffrey Lapage, states: “There is no part of the body, nor indeed, any part of the bodies of the hosts of parasitic animals in general, which is not visited by some kind of parasitic animal at one point or another, during their life histories.” In short parasites can migrate to any part of your body. No organ is immune from their infestation.

Parasites that continually affect animals include microscopic protozoans, a large number of migratory worms and arthropod parasites like mites, ticks, lice, fleas and even some spiders.

Hookworm infection happens when larvae in the soil penetrate the pet’s skin, move into the bloodstream, and eventually travel to the abdomen. Adult worms mature in the wall of the bowels and draw nutrients from blood in the gut lining, sometimes causing debilitating anemia.

Roundworm infections of cats and dogs happens when microscopic worm eggs present in the soil are eaten. The eggs develop through larval stages in the stomach; some larvae penetrate the gut wall, migrate to the lungs and are coughed up then re-swallowed, after which they re-enter the small intestines where they mature into adult worms. Roundworms battle with your pet for food, and always win causing malnutrition.

Roundworm enter their host by ingestion; hookworm by active penetration of the skin; the heartworm enters its canine or feline host with the aid of a mosquito carrier. Microscopic larvae enter the bloodstreamtogether with mosquito spit when an infected mosquito bites a pet. The larvae use the blood stream to carry it directly into the heart where it matures, infesting the heart’s chambers and lodging in the veins that enter the heart.

From a family of Clydeside Scots, Graeme was born and brought up in Hong Kong. He lived for 35 years there, as well as in Borneo and Indonesia. Intrigued by the way in which the different Asian cultures approach their health and well-being, he studied sides of Traditional Chinese Medicine and became familiar with many other ancient healing methods, from the traditional Jamu herbal medicine healers of Java to the body balancing mechanisms of Jin Shin Jyutsu, from Japan. Along with his wife Phylipa, Graeme runs Resources For Life, a natural health business in Chichester, West Sussex. Much of what is available on their web site has origins steeped in traditional wisdom.

 

When I am out and about, there are a number of tings I hear continuously – one is ‘my dog will never sit still’, which I wrote about a couple of weeks ago – and another is how do you get good images of pets with a dark coat and dark eyes. The problem most people face is that when they take a photo of their pet the eyes can get lost because they are similar in colour to the pets coat. This can happen with pets that have brown coast and brown eyes, or black coats with dark brown eyes and often the images may have been taken inside or in deep shade where there is not much light. t can also sometimes happen when the eyes are set back or their is a bit of hair over the eyes that may put them in some shade.

The easiest way to find your pets eyes is to get a ‘catch-light’ in their eyes, this just means a bit of light reflection that gives their eyes a bit of sparkle and makes them stand out. You can do this indoors with a flash, but the problem is that sometimes you cannot control your flash and you end up with ‘demon’ eyes, where they look like a lion being photographed at night with eyes peering out from the grass lands. The image to the right is taken in the studio with flash heads that are adjustable and set up with light boxes. An on camera flash will not allow the same type of adjustment.

The best way is to take your pet outside or close to a window that has plenty of light, have them facing the light and look at their eyes, and see if they have a bit of light there? If you do this outside, try to do it on a overcast day, as this will allow you to get a more even shot without harsh shadows. If it is a sunny day, try to find some nice light shade.

Many cameras have an automatic setting and this is great for everyday general photographing, however if you are trying to photograph things that are at the extreme end of colour such as something very light or something very dark, it may find it hard to give you a good image, the camera is not as good as your eyes as picking up little details. You can try using your cameras manual setting such as full manual, where you can adjust the shutter speed and aperture or use either aperture or shutter speed priority settings. These setting will allow you to dictate how light or dark you want your image, and the great thing about digital is that you can take a couple of shots to see if it is right and than make adjustments if it isn’t. Most cameras should also let you adjust your ISO, this is a term from film days that related to the speed of your film. A higher ISO, like 800, will give you more light in darker conditions and a smaller ISO of 100, less light. You need to remember that the higher your ISO the more ‘noise’ you will get in your images. Noise is like grain in film, and will be most noticeable if you plan to make enlargements of your images.

I have gotten a bit technical here and given a quick course on your digital camera. If you really want great images, it does pay to get to know your camera and how to make adjustments – in the end you will find you can get some beautiful shots of your dark fur-friend.

 

December Featured Pet – Abbey

When I put the word out for our December Featured Pet, I asked people to send a Christmas themed image. I thought there would only be dogs in cute little outfits, but Abbey came along wrapped up in tinsel.

Abbey is a 4-year-old cream and white Birman, who is sweet as pie. Abbey is gentle, calm and very affectionate and loves nothing more than curling up on the end of her Mum’s bed or rolling around in the sun.

Her other favourite past time is to hang out with her sister Roxie and to just be with whichever human is the closest.

As Mum Gerogia puts it “My family couldn’t ask for a better cat. I am so lucky to Abbey as a pet”.

I’m sure Abbey feels the same way about her humans.

November Featured Pet – Ruby

Ruby has many superpowers, like giving the best cuddles in the world, sitting on the back of the couch like a cat and the ability to run up a slide and then sliding back down. Being a superdog means that she is determined too and loves to do as she pleases.

Mum Natalie first met Ruby when she was only two weeks old at the Breeders. Natalie knew that she wanted a female Curly Coat Retriever and Ruby snuggled into her chest and made loads of cute noises. Ruby sealed the deal by peeing on Natalie – a sign is a sign and you can’t ignore that.

Ruby’s favourite thing to do is run, it could be running to explore something, running at the beach or at the off lead park or just running around the house with an empty bottle or her fav toy Duckie. The only one area that superdog Ruby has yet to perfect is getting the cats to love her, no doubt this will come with time.

Her best superpower is the love she gives Mum: “I can get lost for ages just being with her and forget about all the craziness in this world”

September Featured Pet – Maggie & Chloe

Maggie and Chloe have a wonderful life. They have a human Mum and Dad that adore them and a human sister to spoil and care for them.

Maggie chose her family by bounding up to Dad with a huge smile on her face that he could not resist, she has since grown to be a loving member of the family and self-described protector, ensuring everyone is safe, even from the dog groomer. As a Border Collie she loves to play and run with a ball (even though she is 12 and now has a arthritis) and of course herding is a big part of a Border Collie’s life, so there were many days of herding the family cat Snowball around the backyard. At night Maggie settles down beside Angela’s bed, to again play the protector.

Chloe on the other hand was the last puppy left in her litter and so Angela and her dad could not possibly leave without her, even though Mum had said ‘Don’t bring home any more animals’. Luckily when hey walked through the front door Chloe used all her charm and Mum fell in love straight away.  Chloe is a little more timid than her fur-sibling; she’s scared of umbrellas, brushes and anything that makes a noise. She also seems to have an issue with the bees and even though she has been stung a couple of times, she just can’t resist sticking her nose in again and again. While Maggie settles down to protect the family, Chloe, the princess, will go into her Mum and Dad’s room, where she has her own basket of toys to play with and must have the TV tuned to one of her two fav shows – Will & Grace or Escape to the Country.

The one thing Maggie and Chloe both share is a love of family. About Maggie, Angela says “I love the fact of how strong Maggie is, she is a fighter. She will always be my best friend.” And of Chloe “I am so glad to have her in my life, she always cheers my up when I am down and always makes me laugh with her princess ways.”

 

Ensuring that your dog is properly educated is probably the finest investments you can create. It will pay off in time to come, as is available a dog that knows his or her put in place your family along with adores it. The German Shepherd Training Tips in the following paragraphs delivers comprehension of the significance of developing a well-trained dog.

If you pour too much info along with education into your dog, it’ll be disadvantageous. Young dogs have got brief interest ranges and so they can’t focus too much, and so do shorter periods and attempt to stay positive in the course of them each time. If you press too much, a puppy will keep in mind becoming an adverse expertise, and the next moment you choose to work to practice your ex, it will be a lot more hard.

Education can help ease the particular aches and pains regarding separation anxiety. Signs consist of continuous woofing and even dangerous behavior. Using training, you can promote your dog toward performing much more good, wholesome pursuits when he’s alone. Be sure to put your canine’s anxiety confident by exhibiting great quantities of concern and really like.

Opt for a certain order key phrase to your dog in the course of house training. Whenever you adopt him outside, tell him “go potty,” (use whatever expression you’ve chosen) as well as help him learn to target don’t forget precisely what she has eliminated outdoors to complete.

The dog clicker is a superb approach to bolster behaviours. The goal is to create a positive link between the sound of your dog clicker training as well as a optimistic final result or perhaps reward. Try and click on and also deal with quickly and try this more than once during their visit. Soon, your canine can relate the press noises with a deal with, which can help to bolster appealing behaviours.

Learn about additional types of optimistic strengthening, rather than just providing doggie snacks. Goodies are certainly one the top solutions to educate a puppy and so they are very effective. Nevertheless, it is likely you do not have snacks wherever you go whenever you are certainly not “officially” dog training. To solve this issue, integrate focus as patting or perhaps cuddling to your education routine. This may replace snacks in some instances.

Make use of the puppie’s identify as much as possible to make sure that its smart interest. At the outset of your canine possession, you should utilize your dog’s name more than once a day, consequently they starts to recognize that you desire his / her consideration. The best dog titles are ones that are short and therefore are not the same as various other commands.

As previously mentioned, teaching your dog will probably pay fiscal rewards. A good inexperienced, acting up puppy could gnaw your current furniture, frighten the particular others who live nearby as well as strain your loved ones. Make use of the info below. Choose to teach your puppy and your dog will be a enjoyment for all.

 

When folks first bring residence their new puppy, they generally do not realize the value of crate training. Should you fully grasp the best way to kennel train your puppy, you will certainly be be capable of avert problem actions in the future. This article consists of numerous useful tips on kennel coaching your puppy that will keep both you and your family pet pleased for many years into the future.

Only focus on a single order at any given time. Focusing on one particular control will allow your puppy to truly hone that skill and have it appropriate. By trying to learn too much at the same time, you threat perplexing your pet dog, plus they could have more problems recalling which habits goes with which control.

If you’re tired with your pet yanking about the leash whilst jogging with you, here’s a simple training strategy. Acquire your leashed puppy to a outdoors location that may be familiarized to the both of you – like the backyard – then start to walk. When your pet continues to be beside you, right on your thigh, reward it using a treat. When the pet rushes ahead, end walking. If it wanders off for reasons unknown, say “let’s go” in a upbeat way and change and stroll one other way.

In the event it grabs-with you, provide a reward, and if it doesn’t catch-up, move delicately in the leash right up until it will get the stage. In this way, you reward very good habits and don’t have to be unduly harsh for bad behavior.

As was stated initially of the write-up, most people do not realize it is essential to kennel teach your puppy. If you know the best way to kennel coach your pup, then it can certainly make it less difficult for your personal new canine to comprehend the guidelines of the house. Apply the recommendation from this write-up and you’ll be on the right path to getting a properly educated dog

 

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